09 Sep Afghan Peace Agreement
We all want the war to stop. No more losses of family members and loved ones. 40 years of war — it began in 1979 — means that most Afghans have never known peace. We now have in Doha, the first talks between the Taliban and the government, a unique opportunity to reach a political peace agreement. We have to get there. I and many other members of the Afghan feminist movement are ready to forgive the Taliban. This is our painful sacrifice for peace. We accept them as part of political power. But political peace will only be the first step. The real work only begins afterwards. (These civil and military issues are under in-depth examination, with quotes, maps and complete graphs in Afghanistan: The Prospects for Real Peace, 7.
July 2020, www.csis.org/analysis/afghanistan-prospects-real-peace.) Under the Trump administration, the agreement signed between the United States and the Taliban paved the way for inter-Sudanese peace talks in Doha between the Kabul government and the Taliban. These discussions in the Qatari capital, however, have not led to de facto progress since the launch on 12 September. «There is evidence that any form of aid or trafficking with a Taliban government should contribute to the advancement of Afghan women.» So far, there are few signs that the Taliban and the central government can find some form of viable compromise. Many are not big themes in most peace negotiations, but all are critical in Afghanistan. Women and girls in Afghanistan are constantly looking for ways to move forward, to prosper, to shape their own future and that of their country. And to work for lasting peace. Cordaid`s goal is to support them. Scott Worden: The most dominant debate among Afghans before these talks was what system of government a peaceful Afghanistan should have. The Afghan government and a large majority of citizens strongly support the current «Islamic Republic», defined by a democratic process of selection of heads of government, the separation of powers between the independent executive, the legislature and the judiciary and equal rights between women and men in the political process.
Government and civil society leaders are very committed to «protecting the gains» made in civil and political rights since the adoption of the 2004 Constitution. There are also some reasons for hope, despite the likelihood that such efforts will not bring lasting peace and stability: in one of his most famous quotes in On War, Clausewitz says that «war is not just a political act, it is a real political instrument, a continuation of political transport, execution by other means.» But too often, peace negotiations become exactly the opposite: they become a «continuation of the war by other means.» Some – or all parties – combine negotiations with other fights, threats and intimidation, or they use negotiations as a cover for different forms of active struggle. «This peace will come without justice. That following the signing sessions in Doha, highlighted in news agencies around the world, no real effort will be made to promote social peace. Justice and social peace must be accepted and achieved by all parties to the negotiations. Afghan women sacrificed a lot to move forward. We do not want women to be sacrificed once again in the fight for justice. The first peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban are underway in the Gulf State of Qatar. I followed the progress of the agreement between the United States and the Taliban in my capacity as Director of the Center for Afghanistan Studies at the University of Nebraska, Omaha. My analysis shows that the implementation of the Trump administration`s agreement is at a standstill.
All those participating in the talks have acknowledged that they will be a challenge – there are deep differences of opinion between the two sides and the conflict in Afghanistan is still ongoing. . . .