15 Abr What Were The Terms Of The Sykes Picot Agreement
A tour of world history through the statements, manifestos and agreements of the Magna Carta and the declaration of independence to Wikileaks. The agreement gave a general understanding of the British and French spheres of influence in the Middle East. The aim was to divide the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire (excluding the Arabian Peninsula). The agreement was drawn up and negotiated by the country`s diplomats over the next few months and signed by the Allies between 18 August and 26 September 1917.  Russia was not represented in this agreement because the Tsarist regime was in the midst of a revolution. The lack of Russian approval of the Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne agreement was then used by the British at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference to invalidate it, a position that greatly outraged the Italian government.  From November 1915 to March 1916, representatives of Great Britain and France reached an agreement in which Russia agreed. The secret contract, known as the Sykes-Picot Agreement, was named after its leaders, the aristocrats Sir Mark Sykes of England and François Georges-Picot in France. On 27 May 1916, in a letter from the British Foreign Minister, Sir Edward Grey, to Paul Cambon, French Ambassador to Britain. Mr Wilson intervened and stressed the principle of the agreement of the governed, whether it be Syria or Mesopotamia, that he believes that the issues are about world peace and are not necessarily a matter between France and Great Britain. He proposed to form and send an Inter-Allied Commission to discover the desires of the local population in the region.
The discussion ended with Wilson`s willingness to draft a mandate to the Commission.  In accordance with the agreement, France should exercise direct control over Cilicia, the coastal strip of Syria, Lebanon and most of Galilee, up to the line that stretches from northern Acre to the northwest corner of Lake Galilee («blue zone»). To the east, in the Syrian hinterland, an Arab state («Area A») should be created under the protection of France. Britain should exercise control of southern Mesopotamia («red zone») and the area around the acre-Haifa bay in the Mediterranean, with right rights to build a railway from there to Baghdad. The area east of the Jordan River and the Negev desert south of the road, which stretches from Gaza to the Dead Sea, has been attributed to an Arab state under the protection of the United Kingdom («Area B»). France`s «blue zone» in the area that includes the Sanjak of Jerusalem and extends southward to the line from Gaza to the Dead Sea, should be under international administration («brown zone»). Hussein`s letter of February 18, 1916, McMahon appealed for 50,000 pounds of gold, more weapons, ammunition and food, saying Feisal was waiting for «no less than 100,000 people» to arrive for the planned revolt and McMahon`s response of 10 March 1916 confirming British approval of the applications and concluding the ten letters from correspondents. In April and May, Sykes discussed the benefits of a meeting in which Picot and the Arabs participated to network each other`s wishes.